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Translation through argumentation in medical research and physician-citizenship

UNSPECIFIED (2012) Translation through argumentation in medical research and physician-citizenship. Journal of Medical Humanities, 33 (2). 83 - 107. ISSN 1041-3545

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Abstract

While many "benchtop-to-bedside" research pathways have been developed in "Type I" translational medicine, vehicles to facilitate "Type II" and "Type III" translation that convert scientific data into clinical and community interventions designed to improve the health of human populations remain elusive. Further, while a high percentage of physicians endorse the principle of citizen leadership, many have difficulty practicing it. This discrepancy has been attributed, in part, to lack of training and preparation for public advocacy, time limitation, and institutional resistance. As translational medicine and physician-citizenship implicate social, political, economic and cultural factors, both enterprises require "integrative" research strategies that blend insights from multiple fields of study, as well as rhetorical acumen in adapting messages to reach multiple audiences. This article considers how argumentation theory's epistemological flexibility, audience attentiveness, and heuristic qualities, combined with concepts from classical rhetoric, such as rhetorical invention, the synecdoche, and ethos, yield tools to facilitate translational medicine and enable physician-citizenship. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Centers: University Centers > University Center for International Studies (UCIS)
Date: 1 June 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Medical Humanities
Volume: 33
Number: 2
Page Range: 83 - 107
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10912-012-9171-y
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Clinical and Translational Science
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Communication: Rhetoric and Communication
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1041-3545
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2012 19:42
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 14:57
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/15992

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