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Homophobic Attitudes and Stigma Toward Gay Men and Lesbians in the Caribbean: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Martin-Mack, Carol J. (2012) Homophobic Attitudes and Stigma Toward Gay Men and Lesbians in the Caribbean: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Violent acts against gay men and lesbians are common in the Caribbean, including rape and assault. Widespread violence and attacks against homosexuals have prompted a human rights group to confer on one Caribbean country, Jamaica, the distinction of being the most homophobic place on earth. Homophobic ideology and stigma toward gay men and lesbians in the Caribbean can be observed in the interactions of various institutions such as the church, the health care system, the laws, the police, the government, formal culture (e.g., newspapers), and popular culture (e.g., music). This master’s thesis is based on a review of literature concerning homophobic attitudes and stigma toward gay men and lesbians in the Caribbean, including: British colonial laws known as “Sodomy and Buggery” laws, newspaper articles, dancehall music, and calypso music. This literature analysis will assess the public health impact of such attitudes and stigma, particularly how stigmatization from community members leads gay men and lesbians into hiding because of their sexual behavior. Also, this thesis explores other public health issues related to gay men and lesbians, including: isolation in the community, alienation from family members, depression, emotional distress, physical torture, murder, and negative health outcomes of being stigmatized.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Martin-Mack, Carol J.cjm95@pitt.eduCJM95
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Martha A.materry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberFriedman, Markmsf11@pitt.eduMSF11
Committee MemberKammerer, Candancecmk3@pitt.eduCMK3
Date: 21 November 2012
Date Type: Submission
Defense Date: 6 December 2012
Approval Date: 30 January 2013
Submission Date: 22 November 2012
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 79
DOI or Unique Handle: 01.9000/316
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Caribbean
Official URL:
Related URLs:
Other ID: CM# 8900-316
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2013 15:44
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 23:44


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