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Spatial and multidimensional visualization of Indonesia's village health statistics

Parmanto, B and Paramita, MV and Sugiantara, W and Pramana, G and Scotch, M and Burke, DS (2008) Spatial and multidimensional visualization of Indonesia's village health statistics. International Journal of Health Geographics, 7.

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Background: A community health assessment (CHA) is used to identify and address health issues in a given population. Effective CHA requires timely and comprehensive information from a wide variety of sources, such as: socio-economic data, disease surveillance, healthcare utilization, environmental data, and health resource allocation. Indonesia is a developing country with 235 million inhabitants over 13,000 islands. There are significant barriers to conducting CHA in developing countries like Indonesia, such as the high cost of computing resources and the lack of computing skills necessary to support such an assessment. At the University of Pittsburgh, we have developed the Spatial OLAP (On-Line Analytical Processing) Visualization and Analysis Tool (SOVAT) for performing CHA. SOVAT combines Geographic Information System (GIS) technology along with an advanced multidimensional data warehouse structure to facilitate analysis of large, disparate health, environmental, population, and spatial data. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the potential of SOVAT for facilitating CHA among developing countries by using health, population, healthcare resources, and spatial data from Indonesia for use in two CHA cases studies. Results: Bureau of Statistics administered data sets from the Indonesian Census, and the Indonesian village statistics, were used in the case studies. The data consisted of: healthcare resources (number of healthcare professionals and facilities), population (census), morbidity and mortality, and spatial (GIS-formatted) information. The data was formatted, combined, and populated into SOVAT for CHA use. Case study 1 involves the distribution of healthcare professionals in Indonesia, while case study 2 involves malaria mortality. Screen shots are shown for both cases. The results for the CHA were retrieved in seconds and presented through the geospatial and numerical SOVAT interface. Conclusion: The case studies show the potential of spatial and multidimensional analysis using SOVAT for community health assessment in developing countries. Since SOVAT is based primarily on open-source components and can be deployed using small personal computers, it is cost-effective for developing countries. Also, combining the strength in analysis and the ease of use makes tools like SOVAT ideal for healthcare professionals without extensive computer skills. © 2008 Parmanto et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Parmanto, Bparmanto@pitt.eduPARMANTO
Paramita, MV
Sugiantara, W
Pramana, G
Scotch, M
Burke, DSdonburke@pitt.eduDONBURKE
Date: 11 June 2008
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Health Geographics
Volume: 7
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1476-072x-7-30
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Health Services Administration
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2012 18:48
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:57


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