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Epidemiology and risk factors for urinary tract infections in children

Shaikh, Nader and Hoberman, Alejandro (2010) Epidemiology and risk factors for urinary tract infections in children. UpToDate.

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Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common and important clinical problem in childhood. Upper urinary tract infections (ie, acute pyelonephritis) may lead to renal scarring, hypertension, and end-stage renal disease. Although children with pyelonephritis tend to present with fever, it is often difficult on clinical grounds to distinguish cystitis from pyelonephritis, particularly in young children (those younger than two years) [1]. Thus, we have defined UTI broadly here without attempting to distinguish cystitis from pyelonephritis. Acute cystitis in older children is discussed separately. (See "Acute cystitis in children older than two years and adolescents".) The presence of risk factors for UTI and renal scarring in a child presenting with fever and/or urinary symptoms is helpful in guiding diagnostic testing and management. The epidemiology and risk factors for UTI and renal scarring in children will be reviewed here. Clinical features, diagnosis, and management of UTI, and UTI in newborns (younger than one month of age) are discussed separately. (See "Clinical features and diagnosis of urinary tract infections in infants and children older than one month" and "Acute management, imaging, and prognosis of urinary tract infections in infants and children older than one month" and "Long-term management and prevention of urinary tract infections in children" and "Urinary tract infections in newborns".)


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Shaikh, Nadernas67@pitt.eduNAS67
Hoberman, Alejandro
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
EditorEdwards, Morven SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
EditorMattoo, Tej KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
EditorTorchia, Mary MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2010
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: UpToDate
Publisher: Uptodate, Inc
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Pediatrics
Refereed: Yes
Editors:
EditorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Edwards, Morven SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mattoo, Tej KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Torchia, Mary MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Edwards, Morven SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mattoo, Tej KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Torchia, Mary MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Official URL: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/epidemiology-and-...
Related URLs:
Article Type: Research Article
Additional Information: OCLC: 807365006
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2013 22:49
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 13:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/17370

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