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How to study folk intuitions about phenomenal consciousness

Sytsma, JM and MacHery, E (2009) How to study folk intuitions about phenomenal consciousness. Philosophical Psychology, 22 (1). 21 - 35. ISSN 0951-5089

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The assumption that the concept of phenomenal consciousness is pretheoretical is often found in the philosophical debates on consciousness. Unfortunately, this assumption has not received the kind of empirical attention that it deserves. We suspect that this is in part due to difficulties that arise in attempting to test folk intuitions about consciousness. In this article we elucidate and defend a key methodological principle for this work. We draw this principle out by considering recent experimental work on the topic by Joshua Knobe and Jesse Prinz (2008). We charge that their studies do not establish that the folk have a concept of phenomenal consciousness in part because they compare group agents to individuals. The problem is that group agents and individuals differ in some significant ways in terms of functional organization and behavior. We propose that future experiments should establish that ordinary people are disposed to ascribe different mental states to entities that are given behaviorally and functionally equivalent descriptions.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Sytsma, JM
MacHery, Emachery@pitt.eduMACHERY
Date: 1 February 2009
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophical Psychology
Volume: 22
Number: 1
Page Range: 21 - 35
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1080/09515080802703653
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History and Philosophy of Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0951-5089
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2013 20:52
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:59


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