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Urinary MicroRNA Profiling in the Nephropathy of Type 1 Diabetes

Argyropoulos, C and Wang, K and McClarty, S and Huang, D and Bernardo, J and Ellis, D and Orchard, T and Galas, D and Johnson, J (2013) Urinary MicroRNA Profiling in the Nephropathy of Type 1 Diabetes. PLoS ONE, 8 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Patients with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) are particularly vulnerable to development of Diabetic nephropathy (DN) leading to End Stage Renal Disease. Hence a better understanding of the factors affecting kidney disease progression in T1D is urgently needed. In recent years microRNAs have emerged as important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression in many different health conditions. We hypothesized that urinary microRNA profile of patients will differ in the different stages of diabetic renal disease. Methods and Findings: We studied urine microRNA profiles with qPCR in 40 T1D with >20 year follow up 10 who never developed renal disease (N) matched against 10 patients who went on to develop overt nephropathy (DN), 10 patients with intermittent microalbuminuria (IMA) matched against 10 patients with persistent (PMA) microalbuminuria. A Bayesian procedure was used to normalize and convert raw signals to expression ratios. We applied formal statistical techniques to translate fold changes to profiles of microRNA targets which were then used to make inferences about biological pathways in the Gene Ontology and REACTOME structured vocabularies. A total of 27 microRNAs were found to be present at significantly different levels in different stages of untreated nephropathy. These microRNAs mapped to overlapping pathways pertaining to growth factor signaling and renal fibrosis known to be targeted in diabetic kidney disease. Conclusions: Urinary microRNA profiles differ across the different stages of diabetic nephropathy. Previous work using experimental, clinical chemistry or biopsy samples has demonstrated differential expression of many of these microRNAs in a variety of chronic renal conditions and diabetes. Combining expression ratios of microRNAs with formal inferences about their predicted mRNA targets and associated biological pathways may yield useful markers for early diagnosis and risk stratification of DN in T1D by inferring the alteration of renal molecular processes. © 2013 Argyropoulos et al.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Argyropoulos, C
Wang, K
McClarty, S
Huang, D
Bernardo, J
Ellis, D
Orchard, TOrchardT@edc.pitt.eduTJO
Galas, D
Johnson, Jjohnsonj@pitt.eduJOHNSONJ
Date: 30 January 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 8
Number: 1
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054662
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
School of Medicine > Medicine
Refereed: Yes
Other ID: NLM PMC3554645
PubMed Central ID: PMC3554645
PubMed ID: 23358711
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2013 14:41
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/17736

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