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Association of Over-The-Counter Pharmaceutical Sales with Influenza-Like-Illnesses to Patient Volume in an Urgent Care Setting

Liu, TY and Sanders, JL and Tsui, FC and Espino, JU and Dato, VM and Suyama, J (2013) Association of Over-The-Counter Pharmaceutical Sales with Influenza-Like-Illnesses to Patient Volume in an Urgent Care Setting. PLoS ONE, 8 (3).

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Abstract

We studied the association between OTC pharmaceutical sales and volume of patients with influenza-like-illnesses (ILI) at an urgent care center over one year. OTC pharmaceutical sales explain 36% of the variance in the patient volume, and each standard deviation increase is associated with 4.7 more patient visits to the urgent care center (p<0.0001). Cross-correlation function analysis demonstrated that OTC pharmaceutical sales are significantly associated with patient volume during non-flu season (p<0.0001), but only the sales of cough and cold (p<0.0001) and thermometer (p<0.0001) categories were significant during flu season with a lag of two and one days, respectively. Our study is the first study to demonstrate and measure the relationship between OTC pharmaceutical sales and urgent care center patient volume, and presents strong evidence that OTC sales predict urgent care center patient volume year round. © 2013 Liu et al.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Liu, TY
Sanders, JL
Tsui, FCtsui2@pitt.eduTSUI2
Espino, JUjuest4@pitt.eduJUEST4
Dato, VM
Suyama, Jjos8@pitt.eduJOS8
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
EditorPatterson, Randen LeeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 21 March 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 8
Number: 3
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059273
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
School of Medicine > Emergency Medicine
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2013 16:59
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 21:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/17886

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