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Fabrication and Analysis of Complex Electrospun Scaffolds and Constructs

Amoroso, Nicholas J (2013) Fabrication and Analysis of Complex Electrospun Scaffolds and Constructs. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Tissue construct mechanics are of pivotal importance in mechanically active tissues, particularly where the construct must assume a functional role immediately upon implantation and during the remodeling period. While numerous methods exist to generate porous scaffolds for tissue engineering, electrospinning has become increasingly applied as a means of generating microfibrillar scaffolds that provide surface structures roughly comparable in scale to that seen with ECM proteins such as collagen. Simple mechanical relationships have been explored in electrospun scaffolds such as simple fiber alignment to achieve planar anisotropy, however more thorough structure-function characterization has not been pursued to date. Further, the effect of cellular or other component incorporation has not been studied. An understanding of cellular function within scaffolds is critical for the design of seeded tissue constructs. For these reasons, this research aimed to gain an understanding of how structural and compositional modifications to electrospun scaffolds can result in a change in mechanical function and host response. This research question was approached through a series of directed modifications to the electrospinning process designed to alter the microenvironment within the scaffold. These micro-scale changes were related to tissue-level changes in both planar biaxial and flexural mechanical response. This knowledge was used to fabricate cellularized constructs for cardiac right ventricular outflow tract replacement in order to discern the fate and function of implanted cells within electrospun scaffolds. The results from this research can be combined with structural deterministic modeling in order to gain a more complete understanding of the mechanical and biological function of cellularized electrospun constructs and therefore help guide future work in the rational design of engineered tissues.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Amoroso, Nicholas Jnja15@pitt.eduNJA15
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWagner, William Rwagnerwr@upmc.eduWAGNER
Committee MemberShroff, Sanjeev Gsshroff@pitt.eduSSHROFF
Committee MemberTobita, Kimimasakit3@pitt.eduKIT3
Committee MemberChapman, Toby Mtchapman@pitt.eduTCHAPMAN
Committee MemberSacks, Michael
Date: 25 September 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 28 January 2013
Approval Date: 25 September 2013
Submission Date: 4 April 2013
Access Restriction: 1 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 1 year.
Number of Pages: 149
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrospinning Tissue Engineering Mechanical Response Nanofiber Structure Biomimetic Cardiovascular Repair
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 05:00
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:40


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