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The Representation of Structure in Cognitive maps: An Interactive Activation Model

Munro, Paul and Hirtle, Stephen C. (1990) The Representation of Structure in Cognitive maps: An Interactive Activation Model. Technical Report. School of Library and Information Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

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Abstract

Past research has shown that knowledge structures are critical in the encoding of spatial information, yet, at the same time, result in systematic distortions in spatial judgments. In order to represent the combined effects of discrete knowledge structures, such as route membership, and continuous spatial information, such as landmark location, a parallel distributed processing(PDP) model is proposed. The model is based on the interactive activation approach of McClelland and Rumelhart (1983) for modeling human information storage and retrieval; in it, the position of each location is represented simultaneously on several maps. Using this model, the experiments of McNamara, (1986) and McNamara, Ratcliff, and McKoon (1984) are simulated, resulting in qualitative agreement with the data. In addition to the simulation results, several extensions to model are discussed.


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Details

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Munro, Paulpwm@pitt.eduPWM
Hirtle, Stephen C.hirtle@pitt.eduHIRTLE
Monograph Type: Technical Report
Date: April 1990
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: School of Library and Information Science, University of Pittsburgh
Place of Publication: Pittsburgh, PA
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Department: School of Library and Information Science
Schools and Programs: School of Information Sciences > Library and Information Science
Refereed: Yes
Other ID: LIS024/IS90002
Date Deposited: 03 May 2013 21:28
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 14:07
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18370

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