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Lexically specific verb information: understanding sentence processing in the aphasic population

Fryd, Amanda (2013) Lexically specific verb information: understanding sentence processing in the aphasic population. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Transitivity is the frequency with which verbs are used with a direct object (transitively) or without one (intransitively), and it has been shown that unimpaired adults use transitivity information as they read (Clifton, Connie & Frazier 1984; Trueswell, Tanenhaus & Kello, 1993; Garnsey, 1997; Staub, 2007) or listen to sentences (Arai & Keller, 2012) to predict upcoming words. The current study tested persons with aphasia and age-matched, unimpaired adults as they read sentences containing verbs which varied in their transitivity. Gahl (2000) reported that both people with aphasia and unimpaired controls show sensitivity to verb frequency information under the Lexical Bias Hypothesis. Results from the unimpaired group indicated no use of transitivity in their initial parsing of sentences. Results from people with aphasia showed a significant use of transitivity during sentence processing. The data suggests that in the wake of language impairment, an individual may rely on transitivity to glean information from a sentence.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Fryd, Amandaasf27@pitt.eduASF27
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorDickey, Michaelmdickey@pitt.eduMDICKEY
Committee MemberWarren, Tessatessa@pitt.eduTESSA
Committee MemberMessick, Cherylcmessick@pitt.eduCMESSICK
Committee MemberStaub, Adrianastaub@psych.umass.edu
Date: 24 May 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 12 April 2013
Approval Date: 24 May 2013
Submission Date: 18 April 2013
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 65
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: University Honors College
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Communication Science and Disorders
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: transitivity, transitivity bias, verb bias, lexical information, aphasia, verb-frame preference, verb-frame possibility
Date Deposited: 24 May 2013 14:19
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:11
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18476

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