Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Social Norms, Attitudes and Perceptions of Alcohol and Drinking and Their Relationship with Risky Behavior Among Young Adults: A Comparative Study in Neiva, Colombia and Pittsburgh, USA

Truong, Sandra T (2013) Social Norms, Attitudes and Perceptions of Alcohol and Drinking and Their Relationship with Risky Behavior Among Young Adults: A Comparative Study in Neiva, Colombia and Pittsburgh, USA. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Primary Text

Download (750kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Drinking patterns, including behavioral beliefs among young adults may vary from one country to another or be heavily influenced by cultural/regional factors. In order to identify opportunities for targeted interventions to reduce alcohol-related injuries and illnesses, improved understanding of drinking patterns, beliefs and perceptions of the target population are necessary. Methods: Survey questionnaires among young adult patients at two academic, tertiary-care emergency departments (ED) were conducted to determine the similarities and differences in patient characteristics, drinking patterns and behavioral beliefs associated with drinking. Two independent samples, one consisting of Colombian (n=132) and the other of American (n=91) young adult patients, were recruited. Participants’ drinking status was determined using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT C). Patient demographics and behavioral beliefs about drinking behaviors were obtained through guided self-administered survey questionnaires. Specifically, beliefs about how many drinks it would take to get drunk, intention to drink, feelings about drinking, including perceived drinking norms, control and situational confidence were examined. Results: Comparison analysis indicates that within the studied sample, young adults from Pittsburgh on average drink more frequently per month (7.47 vs. 3.96 days, p-value < 0.001). However, young adults from Neiva are more likely on average to consume a greater volume of alcohol per drinking session (13.3 vs. 5.59 drinks, p-value < 0.001). Further, results indicate that social norms, attitudes and perceptions differ among the samples and may be indicative of drinking behavior. For instance, high-risk drinkers from the Neiva sample reported having positive attitudes and desires towards drinking. They were also more likely to believe that drinking among young adults was the social norm (55.45% vs. 35.5%, p-value = 0.04). These findings are in line with the Theory of Planned Behavior. Conclusions and public health relevance: This study identified important differences in drinking behavior as well as beliefs and attitudes that may contribute to drinking and alcohol abuse among young adults within two very different cultural settings. These findings have potential to inform the development of targeted intervention programs to reduce injury and illness related to alcohol abuse among young adults presenting at ED in similar settings.


Share

Citation/Export:
Social Networking:
Share |

Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Truong, Sandra Tstt28@pitt.eduSTT28
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorGuadamuz, Thomas Etguadamu@hotmail.com
Committee ChairSuffoletto, Briansuffbp@upmc.edu
Committee ChairDocumét, Patriciadocumetp@yahoo.com
Date: 27 June 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 12 April 2013
Approval Date: 27 June 2013
Submission Date: 3 April 2013
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 79
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alcoholism, Latin America, Young Adults, Drinking perceptions
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2013 18:43
Last Modified: 01 May 2018 05:15
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18606

Available Versions of this Item

  • Social Norms, Attitudes and Perceptions of Alcohol and Drinking and Their Relationship with Risky Behavior Among Young Adults: A Comparative Study in Neiva, Colombia and Pittsburgh, USA. (deposited 27 Jun 2013 18:43) [Currently Displayed]

Metrics

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item