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Ziraldo, Cordelia (2013) COMPUTATIONAL MODELS OF INFLAMMATION AND WOUND HEALING. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The acute inflammatory response to biological stress involves a highly conserved cascade of events mediated by a large array of cells and molecules. While not intrinsically detrimental, inflammation can cause secondary or ancillary damage to tissues, which in turn leads to the production of molecules that amplify inflammatory response and, in extreme cases, promote organ dysfunction and death. Therefore, there is a need to identify and modulate dysregulated inflammatory processes while allowing healthy inflammation to carry on. While in vitro and in vivo studies have brought many insights into the components and dynamics of the inflammatory response, computational techniques are becoming increasingly relevant to tease out complex relationships and inter-dependencies that may not be directly measureable. In this dissertation, we explore a computational model of pressure ulcer formation that generates tissue-realistic output and clinically-relevant predictions. By simulating basic inflammatory mechanisms and ischemia/reperfusion injury to soft tissue, our model spontaneously produces both resolving and ulcerative inflammatory patterns from a single set of parameter values. We use statistical methods to explore which mechanisms in the model are responsible for this spontaneous bifurcation. We also use data-driven methods to examine dynamics of inflammatory mediators during in vitro murine hepatocellular stress. Our results lead to identification of MCP-1 as a clinically-predictive inflammatory mediator in human trauma patients.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ziraldo, Cordeliacrz10@pitt.eduCRZ10
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorVodovotz, Yoramvodovotz@pitt.eduVODOVOTZ
Committee MemberConstantine, Gregorygmc@pitt.eduGMC
Committee MemberFaeder, James Rfaeder@pitt.eduFAEDER
Committee MemberMurphy, Robert
Committee MemberAn,
Date: 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 16 April 2013
Approval Date: 17 May 2013
Submission Date: 17 May 2013
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 149
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Computational and Systems Biology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pressure Ulcer, Spinal Cord Injury, Ischemia-Reperfusion, Agent-Based Model, Sensitivity Analysis, Sequence Classification, Nearest Neighbor, Trauma, Hemorrhagic Shock, Principal Component Analysis, Hierarchical Clustering
Date Deposited: 17 May 2013 14:27
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:12


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