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VICO: A framework for configuring indoor visible light communication networks

Li, Y and Wang, L and Ning, J and Pelechrinis, K and Krishnamurthy, SV and Xu, Z (2012) VICO: A framework for configuring indoor visible light communication networks. In: UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED, 136 - 144. ISBN 9781467324335

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Abstract

Visible light communications (VLC) are gaining popularity and may provide an alternative means of communications in indoor settings. However, to date, there is very little research on the deployment or higher layer protocol design for VLC. In this paper, we first perform channel measurements using a physical layer testbed in the visible light band to understand its physical layer characteristics. Our measurements suggest that in order to increase data rates with VLC (1) the beam width of a communicating link can be shrunk, and (2) the transmission beam can be tuned to point towards the target recipient. We then perform Matlab simulations to verify that the human eye is able to accommodate the changes brought by shrinking a beam or by tuning the beam direction appropriately. As our main contribution, we then design a configuration framework for a VLC indoor local area network, which we call VICO; we leverage the above features towards achieving the highest throughput while maintaining fairness. VICO first tunes the beamwidths and pointing angles of the transmitters to configurations that provide the highest throughput for each client. It then tries to schedule transmissions while accounting for conflicts and the VLC PHY characteristics. Finally, it opportunistically tunes the idle LEDs to reinforce existing transmissions to increase throughput to the extent possible. We perform extensive simulations to demonstrate the effectiveness of VICO. We find that VICO provides as much as 5-fold increase in throughput compared to a simple scheduler that does not exploit the possible variations in beamwidth or beam-angle. © 2012 IEEE.


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Details

Item Type: Book Section
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Li, Y
Wang, L
Ning, J
Pelechrinis, Kkpele@pitt.eduKPELE
Krishnamurthy, SV
Xu, Z
Date: 1 December 2012
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: MASS 2012 - 9th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-Hoc and Sensor Systems
Page Range: 136 - 144
Event Type: Conference
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1109/mass.2012.6502511
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Information Sciences > Telecommunications
Refereed: Yes
ISBN: 9781467324335
Date Deposited: 28 May 2013 16:14
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18812

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