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A meta-analysis of disparities in childhood sexual abuse, parental physical abuse, and peer victimization among sexual minority and sexual nonminority individuals

Friedman, MS and Marshal, MP and Guadamuz, TE and Wei, C and Wong, CF and Saewyc, EM and Stall, R (2011) A meta-analysis of disparities in childhood sexual abuse, parental physical abuse, and peer victimization among sexual minority and sexual nonminority individuals. American Journal of Public Health, 101 (8). 1481 - 1494. ISSN 0090-0036

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Abstract

Objectives: We compared the likelihood of childhood (i.e., >18 years) sexual abuse, parental physical abuse, and peer victimization based on sexual orientation. Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis of adolescent school-based studies that compared the likelihood of childhood abuse among sexual minorities vs sexual nonminorities. Results: Sexual minority individuals were on average 3.8, 1.2, 1.7, and 2.4 times more likely to experience sexual abuse, parental physical abuse, or assault at school or to miss school through fear, respectively. Moderation analysis showed that disparities between sexual minority and sexual nonminority individuals were larger for (1) males than females for sexual abuse, ( 2) females than males for assault at school, and (3) bisexual than gay and lesbian for both parental physical abuse and missing school through fear. Disparities did not change between the 1990s and the 2000s. Conclusions: The higher rates of abuse experienced by sexual minority youths may be one of the driving mechanisms underlying higher rates of mental health problems, substance use, risky sexual behavior, and HIV reported by sexual minority adults.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Friedman, MSmsf11@pitt.eduMSF11
Marshal, MPmpm1@pitt.eduMPM1
Guadamuz, TEteg10@pitt.eduTEG10
Wei, C
Wong, CF
Saewyc, EM
Stall, Rrstall@pitt.eduRSTALL
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Center for LGBT Health Research
Date: 1 August 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: American Journal of Public Health
Volume: 101
Number: 8
Page Range: 1481 - 1494
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.2105/ajph.2009.190009
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0090-0036
MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Bisexuality; Bullying; Child; Child Abuse, Sexual; Domestic Violence; Female; Heterosexuality; Homosexuality; Humans; Male; Peer Group; Violence
Other ID: NLM NIHMS310313, NLM PMC3134495
PubMed Central ID: PMC3134495
PubMed ID: 21680921
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2013 21:20
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 07:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18902

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