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Adolescent experiences of discrimination, harassment, connectedness to community and comfort with sexual orientation reported by adult men who have sex with men as a predictor of adult HIV status

Raymond, HF and Chen, YH and Stall, RD and McFarland, W (2011) Adolescent experiences of discrimination, harassment, connectedness to community and comfort with sexual orientation reported by adult men who have sex with men as a predictor of adult HIV status. AIDS and Behavior, 15 (3). 550 - 556. ISSN 1090-7165

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Abstract

Using data from a probability based sample of adult men who have sex with men (MSM) we examined the association of negative life factors during adolescence and adult HIV status. 521 MSM reported on experiences of connectedness to community, comfort with sexuality, harassment and discrimination due to their sexual orientation at ages 12-18 years. HIV status was determined by serological testing. Overall, men reported moderate levels of being harassed, being discriminated against and high levels of feeling disconnected from gay communities while reporting high levels of being uncomfortable with their sexuality at those ages. However, in analyses of scores on these factors, higher experiences of harassment, higher levels of discrimination and more discomfort with sexuality at these ages are associated with HIV-negative status as adults. This study suggests that the relationship between negative adolescent experiences among MSM and adult HIV infection may not be straightforward, but may also dependent upon aspects of the intensity of the negative experiences, the relationship of the victim and the perpertrator(s), the sexual identity of the victim at the time and/or the number of these experiences or the length of time over which they occurred. Studies investigating specific multiple stressors in adolescent gay development and their effect on adult health outcomes are needed. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Raymond, HF
Chen, YH
Stall, RDrstall@pitt.eduRSTALL
McFarland, W
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Center for LGBT Health Research
Date: 1 April 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: AIDS and Behavior
Volume: 15
Number: 3
Page Range: 550 - 556
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10461-009-9634-y
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1090-7165
MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Discrimination (Psychology); HIV Infections--diagnosis; HIV Infections--psychology; HIV Seropositivity--diagnosis; HIV Seropositivity--psychology; Homosexuality, Male--psychology; Humans; Life Change Events; Male; Middle Aged; Population Surveillance; Prejudice; Risk Factors; Risk-Taking; San Francisco; Self Concept; Sexual Partners; Social Behavior; Social Support; Young Adult
PubMed ID: 19915973
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2013 21:36
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18919

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