Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Novel phases and field theoretical methods in quantum gases

Li, Xiaopeng (2013) Novel phases and field theoretical methods in quantum gases. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (4MB) | Preview


We study quantum phases and transitions in ultra-cold quantum gases, beyond the scope of conventional condensed matter systems. The study focuses on three major thrusts. The first thrust is the study of cold ensembles of bosonic or fermionic atoms in the higher orbital bands of optical lattices. Orbital and topological quantum physics is systematically explored for various lattice geometries, to be outlined below. The second is the low dimensional spin-imbalanced fermions in the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase. We analyze its thermal instability towards Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless
(BKT) phase transitions driven by different topological defects at finite temperature. The third is the theoretical search for a mechanism to achieve a Bose-Einstein crystal phase for bosons in the ground state. A new class of two-body interactions characterized by strong momentum-dependence is found to give rise to such a quantum state. It is different than but related to the long-debated concept of supersolidity. The first thrust forms the main part of the dissertation. Meta-stable phases of high
orbital bosons and fermions have been explored for different lattice geometries such as square and bipartite lattices. Exotic Mott and superfluid phases are studied in both one and two dimensions. Quantum and thermal phase transitions, associated with time reversal symmetry breaking and their experimental signatures are discussed. In particular a quantum ``disordered" superfluid
phase, beyond the mean field description, is found in one dimension. The challenging problem of probing time reversal symmetry breaking is solved. Besides, a one-dimensional fermionic optical ladder with coupled s- and p-orbitals
is shown to mimic spin-orbit interactions and exhibit topological insulator and topological superconducting phases. Charge fractionalization is shown to be
realizable in such an sp-orbital ladder.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Li, Xiaopengxil63@pitt.eduXIL63
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLiu, W.
Committee MemberBoyanovsky, Danielboyan@pitt.eduBOYAN
Committee MemberDaley, Andrewadaley@pitt.eduADALEY
Committee MemberLevy, Jeremyjlevy@pitt.eduJLEVY
Committee MemberRothstein,
Date: 30 September 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 24 April 2013
Approval Date: 30 September 2013
Submission Date: 30 July 2013
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 146
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Physics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: quantum gases, orbital, superfluid, phase transitions
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 12:35
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:14


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item