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Mediación de espacios identitarios en las escrituras puertorriqueñas de las primeras décadas del siglo XX

Marcano, Nashieli (2013) Mediación de espacios identitarios en las escrituras puertorriqueñas de las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation analyzes important strategies of socio-political mediation by early-twentieth century Puerto Rican authors who reacted to the displacement, redefinition and homogenization of spaces brought by United States territorial rule established in 1898. The strictly regulated mercantilist regime with semi-feudal features imposed by Spanish colonialism was displaced by free-market capitalism brought with U.S sovereignty over the island. There was a sense of urgency among the island's intellectual elite (letrados) to resolve what they saw as a crisis of modernity in Puerto Rico, brought to the fore by the change of sovereignty that ensued after Spain lost the Spanish American war. Many of them saw the U.S invasion of 1898 as an opportunity to reconfigure their cultural roles vis-à-vis the new sovereign power. Turn-of-the-century intellectuals, such as Meléndez Muñoz (1884-1966), José Elías Levis (1871-1942), Ramón Juliá Marín (1878-1917) and Luisa Capetillo (1879-1922) , became key actors in the transition from Spanish to American sovereignty, taking on a new role as socio-cultural mediators between a multi-ethnic popular culture developed during Spanish colonialism, and the territorial rule set up by a new power of Anglo-Saxon provenance that assumed many of the features of a colonial regime. This study provides an insight into how these intellectuals articulated a particular discourse of mediation in which they reacted to the geo-social reconfiguration of space in Puerto Rico (the emergence of new rural/urban dynamics, monoculture agribusiness, poor urban neighborhoods and, especially a dense road system) by elaborating a geo-poetics of space with conflictive elements and variants. I argue that these discursive elaborations evidenced new practices of cultural differentiation and subordination, which reproduced coloniality along racial, social and gender lines, with the sole exception of Luisa Capetillo.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairDuchesne-Winter,
Committee MemberMonasterios, ElizabethELM15@pitt.eduELM15
Committee MemberBeverley, Johnbrq@pitt.eduBRQ
Committee MemberSanabria, Harrysanabria@pitt.eduSANABRIA
Date: 30 September 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 16 April 2013
Approval Date: 30 September 2013
Submission Date: 17 April 2013
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 298
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: mediation, cronotope, identity, road, Latin American Literature, geo-social, estrangement, modernism, habitus, affective mapping, space, coloniality, 1898, displacement, intellectuals, espiritism, anarchism, anxiety, hegemony, Puerto Rican literature, melancholy, sexuality, sexualidad, mediacion, cronotopo, identidad, literatura latinoamericana, literatura puertorriqueña, espacio, colonialidad, intelectualidad, melancolia, ansiedad, Ponce, carretera, extrañamiento, modernismo, hegemonia
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 14:43
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:14

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