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Recurrent Modification of a Conserved Cis-Regulatory Element Underlies Fruit Fly Pigmentation Diversity

Rogers, WA and Salomone, JR and Tacy, DJ and Camino, EM and Davis, KA and Rebeiz, M and Williams, TM (2013) Recurrent Modification of a Conserved Cis-Regulatory Element Underlies Fruit Fly Pigmentation Diversity. PLoS Genetics, 9 (8). ISSN 1553-7390

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The development of morphological traits occurs through the collective action of networks of genes connected at the level of gene expression. As any node in a network may be a target of evolutionary change, the recurrent targeting of the same node would indicate that the path of evolution is biased for the relevant trait and network. Although examples of parallel evolution have implicated recurrent modification of the same gene and cis-regulatory element (CRE), little is known about the mutational and molecular paths of parallel CRE evolution. In Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies, the Bric-à-brac (Bab) transcription factors control the development of a suite of sexually dimorphic traits on the posterior abdomen. Female-specific Bab expression is regulated by the dimorphic element, a CRE that possesses direct inputs from body plan (ABD-B) and sex-determination (DSX) transcription factors. Here, we find that the recurrent evolutionary modification of this CRE underlies both intraspecific and interspecific variation in female pigmentation in the melanogaster species group. By reconstructing the sequence and regulatory activity of the ancestral Drosophila melanogaster dimorphic element, we demonstrate that a handful of mutations were sufficient to create independent CRE alleles with differing activities. Moreover, intraspecific and interspecific dimorphic element evolution proceeded with little to no alterations to the known body plan and sex-determination regulatory linkages. Collectively, our findings represent an example where the paths of evolution appear biased to a specific CRE, and drastic changes in function were accompanied by deep conservation of key regulatory linkages. © 2013 Rogers et al.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Rogers, WA
Salomone, JR
Tacy, DJ
Camino, EM
Davis, KA
Rebeiz, Mrebeiz@pitt.eduREBEIZ0000-0001-5731-5570
Williams, TM
Date: 1 August 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS Genetics
Volume: 9
Number: 8
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003740
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Biological Sciences
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1553-7390
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2013 14:28
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 11:55


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