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Using low dose computed tomography in lung cancer screening

Ogorban, Hazim (2013) Using low dose computed tomography in lung cancer screening. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

More people, in the United States and worldwide, die from lung cancer than breast, colon, or any other type of cancer. Although, efforts to reduce tobacco smoking have decreased incidence rates in the U.S, lung cancer remains a public health issue that needs an effective intervention. Results from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) demonstrate that screening high risk individuals with low dose computed tomography (LDCT) can have a significant impact on mortality rates of lung cancer. However, implementing a lung screening program in real world practice could be a challenging task. Therefore, medical and public health institutions should be prepared with necessary resources, adhere to a standard practice for lung cancer screening, decrease health care disparities, and enhance public participation. This review presents some key statistics for lung cancer in the U.S, an overview of lung cancer screening studies and the impact of radiological settings and lung nodule management protocols in detecting cancer lesions, and discusses issues related to implementation of a national screening program.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ogorban, Hazim
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFinegold, Daviddnf@pitt.eduDNFUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberWeissfeld, Joel Ljwepid@pitt.eduJWEPIDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberSonger, Thomastjs@pitt.eduTJSUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 2013
Submission Date: 23 November 2013
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Multidisciplinary MPH
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: lung, cancer, screening, low, dose, computed, tomography.
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 21:51
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:02
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20087

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