Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Development and Microstructural Improvement of Spin Cast High-Speed Steel Rolls

Redkin, Konstantin (2014) Development and Microstructural Improvement of Spin Cast High-Speed Steel Rolls. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Updated Version

Download (12MB) | Preview


A detailed microstructural analysis was conducted on a series of radial shell samples extracted from commercially produced centrifugally spin casted high-speed steel (HSS) work rolls for finishing hot strip mills (HSM). The systematic microstructural analysis was coupled with a numerical and experimental investigation to improve the life of HSS rolls. An integrated computational-experimental approach was developed to optimize the response of the HSS roll material that permitted the enhancement of the microstructure and properties of the HSS roll shell layer. Local continuous microstructural transformations through the thickness of the shell: carbide formation, precipitation, dissolution sequence and phase changes, were studied in great details. The analyses were conducted with the aid of advanced metallographic and experimental methods, finite-element (FE) analysis, and using commercial software systems to conduct thermodynamic-kinetics predictions.
In order to analyze a response of the HSS roll to the hardening heat treatment (HT) and to control stress-strain evolution, a 3-D FE model was developed of the composite structure of the roll. The multilayered model considers nonlinear material properties of each individual layer as a function of temperature, based on measured chemical composition gradients through the HSS shell. Transient coupled thermal-stress analysis was performed, using actual measured surface temperatures as boundary conditions (BC) for the FE model. The allowable thermal stress-strain levels were established and compared with a) thermodynamically predicted high temperature mechanical properties and b) room temperature test results of the shear strengths for the shell, bonding and core. In addition, sub-structuring and image-based processing techniques were implemented to aid in the development of a meso-scale FE model to simulate the local response of a given microstructural constituents and matrix under particular thermal conditions. The fundamental interpretation of multilayered structure and multi-scale approach help to understand the kinetics phenomena associated with continuous local microstructural transformations due to nonlinear heat transfer. The results from the microstructural observations were in good agreement with the numerical predictions.
The major impact of this work clearly indicated that a refined as-cast structure prior to the heat treatment promoted an increased precipitation of carbides during final hardening, which greatly improved strength and performance. A non-conventional HT was defined and implemented in order to provide an additional degree of microstructural pre-conditioning, which homogenized the matrix throughout the HSS shell. The new HT defined the austenitization temperatures and times to modify the morphology of brittle interdendritic eutectic carbide networks and, hence, facilitating the kinetics of dissolution of these carbides. This behavior caused an increase in the solute content of the matrix. As a result, the matrix hardness and strength were increased during subsequent hardening HT in comparison to the conventional HT routes used for as-cast HSS rolls. Reports about rolls with the new material that have been placed in service indicate that the rolls last 50-70% longer.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Redkin, Konstantinkvr2@pitt.eduKVR2
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorVipperman, Jeffreyjsv@pitt.eduJSV
Thesis AdvisorGarcia, Calixto Isaaccigarcia@pitt.eduCIGARCIA
Committee ChairSmolinski, Patrickpatsmal@pitt.eduPATSMAL
Committee ChairRizzo, Piervincenzopir3@pitt.eduPIR3
Date: 29 January 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 24 July 2013
Approval Date: 29 January 2014
Submission Date: 27 November 2013
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 221
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Mechanical Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: High speed steel rolls, microstructure, carbides, heat treatment, finite-element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, wear, thermal fatigue, micro-scale simulation, multiphysics, coupled analysis, thermal stress, composite structure, carbides dissolution, in-situ high temperature X-ray diffraction, microhardness, image analysis, microstructure evolution, secondary hardening, matrix thermal stability, cracking, nonlinear heat transfer, nonlinear material properties, thermodynamic-kinetics predictions
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2014 18:59
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2019 06:15


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item