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Physical activity assessment and reporting in community translations of the diabetes prevention program: a systematic review

Eaglehouse, Yvonne (2014) Physical activity assessment and reporting in community translations of the diabetes prevention program: a systematic review. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Background: The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) achieved a 58% reduction in diabetes incidence and a 41% reduction in the metabolic syndrome using an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI). The DPP goals included 7% weight loss and 150 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity (PA) per week. The DPP-ILI has been modified and implemented in a variety of community settings, using the same weight loss and PA goals. Translation efforts have been reviewed for their effectiveness at achieving weight loss and improvements in cardio-metabolic risk factors. The purpose of this review is to summarize the PA component, a key part of the DPP-ILI, in terms of assessment and reporting among community-based DPP translations. Methods: PubMed database was searched to identify publications on DPP-based programs for adults at-risk for diabetes, limited to English language articles published in 2002-2014, searching titles and keywords ‘diabetes’, ‘pre-diabetes’, ‘metabolic syndrome’, ‘translation’, ‘adults’, and ‘diabetes prevention program’. Results: Of 74 potentially eligible studies, 52 met eligibility criteria. All articles included a PA goal as part of intervention, 73% included an assessment of PA, and 54% reported PA results. Public Health Significance: Approximately half of DPP translation studies conducted in the United States include results for changes in PA due to intervention. Given recent National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey estimates that only half of Americans meet the CDC recommendation of 150 minutes of moderate PA per week, consistent assessment and reporting of PA in community-based lifestyle programs is needed to establish effective methods for increasing and maintaining levels of PA for improvement of diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors in at-risk adults.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Eaglehouse, Yvonneyle2@pitt.eduYLE2
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKramer, M. Kayekramerk@edc.pitt.eduMKK3UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberKriska, Andrea M.kriskaa@edc.pitt.eduAKYUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberArena, Vincent C.arena@pitt.eduARENAUNSPECIFIED
Date: April 2014
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 26 May 2015 21:10
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2021 10:57
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20511

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