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Nonresponse bias in organizational surveys: Evidence from a survey of groups and organizations working for peace

Smith, J (1997) Nonresponse bias in organizational surveys: Evidence from a survey of groups and organizations working for peace. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 26 (3). 359 - 368. ISSN 0899-7640

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Nonresponse bias is a major concern for scholars using survey research, as low response rates can lead to serious problems in the generalizability of survey results. Numerous studies have been made to estimate the effects of nonresponse bias on survey results, but these have typically considered only surveys treating individual respondents as the unit of analysis. Organizational theory should lead scholars, however, to expect important differences between individual and organizational survey designs in the sources and effects of nonresponse bias. In this article, the author compares characteristics of organizations responding to a survey of organizations working for peace with those of organizations that failed to respond. The analysis shows that organizational informants behave differently from individual survey targets and that a theory of nonresponse bias in organizational surveys is needed to improve organizational survey designs so as to minimize and account for nonresponse bias.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Smith, Jjgsmith@pitt.eduJGSMITH0000-0002-4808-0391
Date: 1 January 1997
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
Volume: 26
Number: 3
Page Range: 359 - 368
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1177/0899764097263007
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Sociology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0899-7640
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2014 22:01
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 16:55


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