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Chick embryo extract demethylates tumor suppressor genes in osteosarcoma cells

Mu, X and Sultankulov, B and Agarwal, R and Mahjoub, A and Schott, T and Greco, N and Huard, J and Weiss, K (2014) Chick embryo extract demethylates tumor suppressor genes in osteosarcoma cells. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 472 (3). 865 - 873. ISSN 0009-921X

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Abstract

Background: Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence. It is widely accepted that cancer has genetic and epigenetic origins. The idea of epigenetic reprogramming of cancer cells by an embryonic microenvironment possesses potential interest from the prospect of both basic science and potential therapeutic strategies. Chick embryo extract (CEE) has been used for the successful expansion of many specific stem cells and has demonstrated the ability to facilitate DNA demethylation. Questions/purposes: The current study was conducted to compare the status of DNA methylation in highly metastatic and less metastatic osteosarcoma cells and to investigate whether CEE may affect the epigenetic regulation of tumor suppressor genes and thus change the metastatic phenotypes of highly metastatic osteosarcoma cells. Methods: K7M2 murine OS cells were treated with CEE to determine its potential effect on DNA methylation, cell apoptosis, and invasion capacity. Results: Our current results suggest that the methylation status of tumor suppressor genes (p16, p53, and E-cadherin) is significantly greater in highly metastatic mouse ostoesarcoma K7M2 cells in comparison with less metastatic mouse osteosarcoma K12 cells. CEE treatment of K7M2 cells caused demethylation of p16, p53, and E-cadherin genes, upregulated their expression, and resulted in the reversion of metastatic phenotypes in highly metastatic osteosarcoma cells. Conclusions: CEE may promote the reversion of metastatic phenotypes of osteosarcoma cells and can be a helpful tool to study osteosarcoma tumor reversion by epigenetic reprogramming. Clinical Relevance: Demethylation of tumor suppressor genes in osteosarcoma may represent a novel strategy to diminish the metastatic potential of this neoplasm. Further studies, both in vitro and in vivo, are warranted to evaluate the clinical feasibility of this approach as an adjuvant to current therapy. © The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2013.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Mu, X
Sultankulov, B
Agarwal, R
Mahjoub, Aadm90@pitt.eduADM90
Schott, T
Greco, N
Huard, J
Weiss, Kkrw13@pitt.eduKRW13
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Stem Cell Research Center
Date: 1 January 2014
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Volume: 472
Number: 3
Page Range: 865 - 873
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s11999-013-3104-6
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Orthopaedic Surgery
Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0009-921X
PubMed ID: 23761177
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2014 14:53
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20799

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