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The delivery of prenatal care to pregnant inmates: current practices and opportunities for improvement

Albright, Ariel (2014) The delivery of prenatal care to pregnant inmates: current practices and opportunities for improvement. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Women of childbearing age are the fastest growing segment of the incarcerated population in the United States, and it is estimated that at least 6-10% of the more than 200,000 women incarcerated each year are pregnant. Pregnant inmates enter into the correctional system with significant health needs and are at high risk for pregnancy complications and poor birth outcomes as a result of the poverty, substance abuse, histories of violence, co-occurring medical and mental health disorders, and low access to care prevalent among this population. However, the US correctional system, originally designed to meet the needs of males, is not structured to provide the adequate levels of prenatal care and accommodations required to meet the complex needs of female inmates. The delivery of prenatal care to pregnant inmates is an issue of public health importance due to the opportunity jails and prisons offer to extend early and adequate prenatal care and services to medically underserved women unlikely to access such care in the community, improve the health and wellbeing of mothers and infants at high-risk for poor birth outcomes, and decrease excess health care costs associated with adverse birth outcomes. Through review and analysis of the literature, this essay establishes the prenatal care needs of incarcerated females, explores the current care and treatment of pregnant inmates in the US, discusses barriers to providing adequate prenatal care to inmates, and identifies successful interventions used to address this issue. Based on this information, recommendations are made to improve upon the care and accommodations of pregnant inmates in the future.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Albright, Ariel
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFriedman, Mark Smsf11@pitt.eduMSF11UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberShook, Jeffrey Jjes98@pitt.eduJES98UNSPECIFIED
Date: 24 April 2014
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2015 16:40
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 19:06
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21117

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