Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

An in vivo structure-function analysis of the pathogenesis of triosephosphate isomerase deficiency.

Roland, Bartholomew P (2014) An in vivo structure-function analysis of the pathogenesis of triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

This is the latest version of this item.

[img] PDF
Primary Text
Restricted to University of Pittsburgh users only until 18 April 2019.

Download (1MB) | Request a Copy

Abstract

Triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) is a glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the isomerization of dihydroxyacetone phosphate into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, a non-linear step in glycolysis not required for the production of pyruvate. Dysfunction within TPI elicits a disease called TPI deficiency; a severe, rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by neurological dysfunction, shortened longevity, and hemolytic anemia. Previous studies questioned whether this disease was caused by changes in metabolism or protein conformation. To address this, we have used a genomic engineering strategy in Drosophila to study the relationship between the structure of TPI and pathology. We have generated and analyzed novel high-resolution crystal structures of TPI mutant proteins, yielding basic insights into TPI dysfunction. Our data suggest the pathogenesis of TPI deficiency is unrelated to its general role in metabolism. Further, in vitro experiments demonstrate that a toxic Drosophila TPI allele is characterized by a defect in protein dimerization. Using our genomic engineering system, we have generated several novel TPI alleles that further support the hypothesis that a conformational change at the dimer interface is sufficient to elicit TPI deficiency. We have conclusively shown that gross TPI activity is not predictive of disease presence or severity. Finally, we have identified a synaptic defect caused by a dimer interface mutant that we propose is the source of neurological dysfunction in Drosophila and TPI Deficiency patients.


Share

Citation/Export:
Social Networking:
Share |

Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Roland, Bartholomew Pbpr21@pitt.eduBPR21
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairDeFranco, Donald Bdod1@pitt.eduDOD1
Committee MemberdeGroat, William Cwcd2@pitt.eduWCD2
Committee MemberHong, Yangyhong@pitt.eduYHONG
Committee MemberLevitan, Edwin Selevitan@pitt.eduELEVITAN
Thesis AdvisorPalladino, Michael Jmjp44@pitt.eduMJP44
Date: 18 April 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 13 December 2013
Approval Date: 18 April 2014
Submission Date: 13 April 2014
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 141
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Molecular Pharmacology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drosophila, triosephosphate isomerase, triosephosphate isomerase deficiency
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2014 12:01
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:19
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21193

Available Versions of this Item

  • An in vivo structure-function analysis of the pathogenesis of triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. (deposited 18 Apr 2014 12:01) [Currently Displayed]

Metrics

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item