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Argumentation and Identity in Maasai and Mongolian Land Disputes

Hahn, Allison (2014) Argumentation and Identity in Maasai and Mongolian Land Disputes. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

This dissertation explores the deliberative arguments stemming from protests by modern herding communities in Tanzania, Kenya, Mongolia, and China. In each case, I analyze four central argument frames – bounded land, movement-as-wandering, movement-as-otor, and disappearance – that have emerged as governments seek to settle and develop herding communities, and herders protest in support of their traditional lifestyles. The first case study, concerning the Maasai of Tanzania, investigates the ways Maasai communities confront and resist tourism at the borders of the Serengeti and Ngorongoro national parks. The second case study, addressing the Maasai of Kenya, examines the ways that Maasai communities are resisting land privatization near the Maasai Mara and how the associated controversy relates to the emergence of hate speech in modern Kenya. The third case study turns to Eurasia, concentrating on Mongolian herders and their interactions with the government’s conservation and mining programs. The fourth case study considers how Inner Mongolian herders have negotiated their relationship with the People’s Republic of China’s cultural and environmental policies to produce a diverse body of protest tactics. The argumentative dynamics in each case are elucidated through analysis of primary source material and published artifacts, supported by explanatory tools drawn from rhetorical theory. A concluding chapter connects common threads from the case studies to isolate implications for modern herding communities and generate fresh perspective on Deleuze and Guattari’s nomadology project.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hahn, Allisonahh8@pitt.eduAHH8
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMitchell, Gordon Rgordonm@pitt.eduGORDONM
Committee MemberOlson, Lesterolson@pitt.eduOLSON
Committee MemberKuchinskaya, Olgaokuchins@pitt.eduOKUCHINS
Committee MemberWhite, Harveyhlw@pitt.eduHLW
Date: 29 May 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 8 April 2014
Approval Date: 29 May 2014
Submission Date: 17 April 2014
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 250
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Communication: Rhetoric and Communication
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Argument, Mongolia, China, Kenya, Tanzania, Herder, Nomad
Date Deposited: 29 May 2014 14:04
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:19
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21295

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