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A review of maternal mortality and maternal health outcomes in Bolivia and Chile

Grafals, Melanie (2014) A review of maternal mortality and maternal health outcomes in Bolivia and Chile. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Globally, 287,000 women die every year from pregnancy-related complications. In Latin America, despite improvements in maternal health, not all countries have been successful in reducing the rate of maternal mortality. This essay reviews existing literature regarding the maternal health situations in Bolivia and in Chile. In Bolivia, the high rate of maternal mortality is an issue of great public health significance. Chile, on the other hand, has been much more effective in reducing maternal related deaths. By providing a context of the historical, social, political, economic, and health care-related factors in these and other Latin American countries, this essay discusses interventions that have been effective in morbidity and mortality reduction, and interventions that have stalled or failed. Finally, the essay provides recommendations for future maternal health interventions in both Bolivia and Chile. If culturally appropriate maternal health and educational programs are implemented, the lives of countless women can be saved.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Grafals, Melanie
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduMATERRYUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberHaley, Tammytmh24@pitt.eduTMH24UNSPECIFIED
Date: 25 April 2014
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 28 May 2015 14:41
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2022 10:56


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