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A preliminary evaluation of the role of adiponectin and leptin in type 1 diabetes

Dong, Wenxiu (2014) A preliminary evaluation of the role of adiponectin and leptin in type 1 diabetes. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), as a chronicle disease, has been an emerging issue in the field of public health. In juvenile T1D, the effect of insulin on adiponectin and leptin has not been well studied nor understood. In this thesis we focused on the question concerning patient’s adiponectin and leptin level changes over a 5 month period before and after the start of insulin therapy in children with newly diagnosed T1D. A substantial focus of this project was the assembling of an analytical data file that could be used for the initial analysis and for future in-depth studies once updated data becomes available. Data cleaning and verification were carried out on all data sets. All programming was done using SAS 9.3 (32).
We found no statistically significant difference in adiponectin levels between days 0 and 1, days 0 and 3; however there was a statistically significant increase in adiponectin levels between days 0 and 5 (post insulin therapy). Adiponectin levels remained significantly elevated at the 3 month visit. During the first five days leptin levels did not significantly differ from each other. However, at the 3 month visit the values were significantly higher from baseline.
Adiponectin and leptin levels may serve as a good indicator for insulin sensitivity and provide a better understanding into the relationship with insulin therapy, thereby providing improvements in treatment for juvenile T1D.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Dong, Wenxiudongwenxiu59@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorArena, Vincent C.arena@pitt.eduARENA
Committee MemberTalbott, Evelyn O.eot1@pitt.eduEOT1
Committee MemberPike, Francisfrp3@pitt.eduFRP3
Committee MemberLibman, IngridIngrid.Libman@chp.eduIML1
Date: 27 June 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 22 April 2014
Approval Date: 27 June 2014
Submission Date: 7 April 2014
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 39
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Biostatistics
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Type I diabetes, adiponectin
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2014 21:26
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:41
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21566

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