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Social support in pregnant teens: a systematic review of social support interventions

Vanderpuije, Makeda (2014) Social support in pregnant teens: a systematic review of social support interventions. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Pregnant African American teens face a number of health and social risks that influence the welfare of their babies. The potential to reduce risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity in this population is of great public health significance. Supportive programs have demonstrated success in improving outcomes for young mom and baby. The purpose of this thesis is to systematically present the research literature available documenting adolescent pregnancy and parenting programs with a strong social support component. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using three electronic databases to identify social support interventions among pregnant minority adolescents. Interventions were included if they were published between 1991 and March of 2014, occurred in the United States, had participants who were of adolescent age, pregnant, African American or belonging to a minority group, included a social support component, and was published in English. Thirty-three publications were selected for review, describing 25 interventions devoted to the promotion of social support among pregnant teenagers. Characteristics were examined for each intervention; program setting, theoretical basis, participant demographics, components, facilitators, intensity of intervention, and reported outcomes were reviewed. Interventions were provided in clinic-, school-, and community-based settings. The findings of this review suggest that there is strong support for programs promoting social support among pregnant teens. However, minority youth continue to experience elevated risks of adverse health and social consequences of pregnancy. There is a need for dissemination of research findings to community agencies that serve this vulnerable population.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Vanderpuije, Makedamav62@pitt.eduMAV62
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairNolan, Beth A.D.nolanbeth@gmail.com
Committee MemberTerry, Martha A.materry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberTalbott, Evelyn O.eot1@pitt.eduEOT1
Date: 29 September 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 9 June 2014
Approval Date: 29 September 2014
Submission Date: 4 June 2014
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 76
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent, teen,african american, minority, pregnancy, social support, support, systematic review, intervention, program, community
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2014 21:21
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:20
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21763

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