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Thermo-Mechanical Processing of Austenitic Steel to Mitigate Surface Related Degradation

Idell, Jonathan (2014) Thermo-Mechanical Processing of Austenitic Steel to Mitigate Surface Related Degradation. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Thermo-mechanical processing plays an important role in materials property optimization through microstructure modification, required by demanding modern materials applications. Due to the critical role of austenitic stainless steels, such as 316L, as structural components in harsh environments, e.g. in nuclear power plants, improved degradation resistance is desirable. A novel two-dimensional plane strain machining process has shown promise achieving significant grain size refinement through severe plastic deformation (SPD) and imparting large strains in the surface and subsurface regions of the substrate in various metals and alloys. The deformation process creates a heavily deformed 20 – 30 micron thick nanocrystalline surface layer with increased hardness and minimal martensite formation. Post-deformation processing annealing treatments have been applied to assess stability of the refined scale microstructures and the potential for obtaining grain boundary engineered microstructures with increased fraction of low-energy grain boundaries and altered grain boundary network structure. Varying the deformation and heat treatment process parameters, allows for development of a full understanding of the nanocrystalline layer and cross-section of the surface substrate created. Micro-characterization was performed using hardness measurements, magnetometry, x-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy to assess property and microstructural changes. This study provides a fundamental understanding of two-dimensional plane strain machining as a thermo-mechanical processing technique, which may in the future deliver capabilities for creating grain boundary engineered surface modified components, typified by a combination of grain refinement with improved grain boundary network interconnectivity attributes suitable for use in harsh environments, such as those in commercial nuclear power plants where improved resistance to irradiation stress corrosion cracking is desirable.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Idell, Jonathanjoi9@pitt.eduJOI9
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWiezorek, Jorgwiezorek@pitt.eduWIEZOREK
Committee MemberBarnard, John A,jbarnard@pitt.eduJBARNARD
Committee MemberGarcia, C. Issaccigarcia@pitt.eduCIGARCIA
Committee MemberShankar, M. Raviravishm@pitt.eduRAVISHM
Date: 19 September 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 11 June 2014
Approval Date: 19 September 2014
Submission Date: 26 June 2014
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 127
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocrystalline, Physical Metallurgy, Severe Plastic Deformation
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2014 19:26
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:21


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