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Textualidades entrelazadas: la poética del cuerpo en la memoria andina de Bolivia y Perú

Postigo Guzman, Maria Ximena (2014) Textualidades entrelazadas: la poética del cuerpo en la memoria andina de Bolivia y Perú. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The execution of the last Inca, Atahuallpa, in 1533 encapsulated the picture of violence and destruction that would be recalled over the following centuries in the Andes. By generating the colonial structure that would remain over time, this scenario became the metonymic image of specific historical facts that, somehow, showed the permanence of a destructive domination. It represents, for instance, the occurrence of authoritarian regimes during the twentieth century in Bolivia and Peru. At the same time, these kind of violent events revealed the strong and effective resistance of historical agents that shared the same historical memory. The latter develops by comprehending different events as the recurrence of the one that demarcated the destruction of the pre-Hispanic political, social and economic organization. For this reason, Bolivian sociologist Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui understands Andean collective memory as a “long recallection.” This means that not only the historical event itself but also the historical agents repeat that paradigmatic scenario in which a body (Atahuallpa’s, as well as the imperial organization) was fragmented. In this sense, the collective memory generates the formation of a collective body as an image of resistance against fragmentation. Thus, this image entails the embodiment of all social movements that, throughout the centuries, fought against domination.
In this context, my dissertation analyzes the manner in which different literary texts—from Guamán Poma’s Nueva coronica y buen gobierno (seventeenth century) to contemporary poetry and theater (including canonical and non-canonical authors such as José María Arguedas, José Watanabe, Blanca Wiethüchter, and Jaime Saenz)—contribute to the continuous formation of an Andean collective memory. This analysis includes the examination of those aspects that let us understand the interconnections among all texts considered. Given that many of these interconnections are related to Andean performances, such as dances and theater, as well as to indigenous social movements within specific historical events, Andean philosophy becomes relevant for the analysis proposed. The fact that this philosophy is somehow contained within all the texts studied allows us to examine these works as constituting the image of a collective body emerging from the same historical experience.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Postigo Guzman, Maria
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMonasterios, Elizabethelm15@pitt.eduELM15
Committee MemberDuchesne Winter, Juanduchesne@pitt.eduDUCHESNE
Committee MemberBeverley, Johnbrq@pitt.eduBRQ
Committee MemberJackson-Schebetta, Lisalisajsch@pitt.eduLISAJSCH
Date: 24 September 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 1 July 2014
Approval Date: 24 September 2014
Submission Date: 8 July 2014
Access Restriction: 3 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 3 years.
Number of Pages: 258
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Andean literature, Andean epistemology, Inkarrí, Atahuallpa, Collective body, Shared memory, Authoritarian regimes.
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2014 17:52
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2017 05:15


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