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Elementary student self efficacy scale development and validation focused on student learning, peer relations, and resisting drug use

Fertman, C and Primack, B (2009) Elementary student self efficacy scale development and validation focused on student learning, peer relations, and resisting drug use. Journal of Drug Education, 39 (1). 23 - 38. ISSN 0047-2379

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a child self efficacy scale for learning, peer interactions, and resisting pressure to use drugs, to use in an elementary school drug prevention education program based on social cognitive theory. A diverse cohort of 392 4th and 5th grade students completed the 20-item self efficacy scale and social support and social skills instruments. The results provide evidence for a valid and reliable 3-factor self efficacy scale. Subscale internal consistency reliability was good to excellent (Cronbach's alpha = 0.75, 0.83, 0.91). Construct validity was supported by correlations between each subscale and social skills, social support, and demographic data. The scale has potential as a tool to measure self efficacy in children related to learning, peer interactions, and resisting peer pressure to use drugs and to help shape drug education programs.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Fertman, Ccarl@pitt.eduCARL
Primack, Bbprimack@pitt.eduBPRIMACK
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health
Date: 1 January 2009
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Drug Education
Volume: 39
Number: 1
Page Range: 23 - 38
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.2190/de.39.1.b
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Health and Physical Activity
School of Medicine > Medicine
School of Medicine > Pediatrics
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0047-2379
MeSH Headings: Child; Female; Health Education--methods; Humans; Male; Peer Group; Psychometrics--methods; Reproducibility of Results; Schools; Self Efficacy; Substance-Related Disorders--prevention & control; Substance-Related Disorders--psychology
Other ID: NLM NIHMS257572, NLM PMC3008354
PubMed Central ID: PMC3008354
PubMed ID: 19886160
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2014 17:50
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22369

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