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What works to prevent adolescent smoking? A systematic review of the national cancer institute's research-tested intervention programs

Sherman, EJ and Primack, BA (2009) What works to prevent adolescent smoking? A systematic review of the national cancer institute's research-tested intervention programs. Journal of School Health, 79 (9). 391 - 399. ISSN 0022-4391

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BACKGROUND: Cigarette use remains the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Although school is an ideal setting for antismoking interventions, school-based programs have not been successful in the long term. The purpose of this study was to explore characteristics of programs deemed to be successful short-term Research-Tested Intervention Programs (RTIPs) by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). METHODS: To identify adolescent smoking prevention programs, 2 independently working researchers applied specified selection criteria to all programs in the NCI's RTIP database. Selected programs were abstracted using a structured form for general information, participants, interventions, outcomes, and quality. Extracted data were then assessed for common themes and contrasts in each category. RESULTS: As of June 2008, 18 studies met the NCI's standards for RTIPs preventing smoking among adolescents. After selection criteria were applied, only 5 programs remained. Each independently working researcher arrived at the same pool of programs. In chronological order according to date of publication of outcomes evaluation, the 5 programs ultimately included were Project Towards No Tobacco Use, Pathways to Health, Native FACETS, Kentucky Adolescent Tobacco Prevention Project, and Sembrando Salud. The majority of these programs were targeted toward a particular sociodemographic group (eg, American Indians, Hispanic migrant communities). CONCLUSIONS: New school-based programs are needed to address current issues in tobacco control. To improve chances of success, these programs may wish to target certain specific high-risk demographic groups, use professional health educators and/or trained community members, and build in methods of updating material. © 2009, American School Health Association.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Sherman, EJ
Primack, BAbprimack@pitt.eduBPRIMACK
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health
Date: 1 September 2009
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of School Health
Volume: 79
Number: 9
Page Range: 391 - 399
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00426.x
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
School of Medicine > Pediatrics
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0022-4391
MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior; Child; Humans; National Cancer Institute (U.S.)--statistics & numerical data; Program Evaluation; School Health Services--organization & administration; School Health Services--statistics & numerical data; Smoking--epidemiology; Smoking--prevention & control; Smoking Cessation--methods; Socioeconomic Factors; United States--epidemiology
Other ID: NLM NIHMS256348, NLM PMC3004538
PubMed Central ID: PMC3004538
PubMed ID: 19691713
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2014 17:46
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:56


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