Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Exposure to cannabis in popular music and cannabis use among adolescents

Primack, BA and Douglas, EL and Kraemer, KL (2010) Exposure to cannabis in popular music and cannabis use among adolescents. Addiction, 105 (3). 515 - 523. ISSN 0965-2140

[img] Plain Text (licence)
Available under License : See the attached license file.

Download (1kB)


Background Cannabis use is referenced frequently in American popular music, yet it remains uncertain whether exposure to these references is associated with actual cannabis use. We aimed to determine if exposure to cannabis in popular music is associated independently with current cannabis use in a cohort of urban adolescents. Methods We surveyed all 9th grade students at three large US urban high schools. We estimated participants' exposure to lyrics referent to cannabis with overall music exposure and content analyses of their favorite artists' songs. Outcomes included current (past 30 days) and ever use of cannabis. We used multivariable regression to assess independent associations between exposures and outcomes while controlling for important covariates. Results Each of the 959 participants was exposed to an estimated 27 cannabis references per day [correction added on 19 January 2010, after first online publication: 40 has been changed to 27] (standard deviation = 73 [correction added on 19 January 2010, after first online publication: 104 has been changed to 73]). Twelve per cent (n = 108) were current cannabis users and 32% (n = 286) had ever used cannabis. Compared with those in the lowest tertile of total cannabis exposure in music, those in the highest tertile of exposure were almost twice as likely to have used cannabis in the past 30 days (odds ratio = 1.83; 95% confidence interval = 1.04, 3.22), even after adjusting for socio-demographic variables, personality characteristics and parenting style. As expected, however, there was no significant relationship between our cannabis exposure variable and a sham outcome variable of alcohol use. Conclusions This study supports an independent association between exposure to cannabis in popular music and early cannabis use among urban American adolescents. © 2009 Society for the Study of Addiction.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Primack, BAbprimack@pitt.eduBPRIMACK
Douglas, EL
Kraemer, KLkek5@pitt.eduKEK5
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health
Date: 1 March 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Addiction
Volume: 105
Number: 3
Page Range: 515 - 523
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02801.x
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
School of Medicine > Pediatrics
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0965-2140
MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Cannabis; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Music--psychology; Pennsylvania; Risk Factors; Substance-Related Disorders--psychology; Young Adult
Other ID: NLM NIHMS161795, NLM PMC2881613
PubMed Central ID: PMC2881613
PubMed ID: 20039860
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2014 17:47
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:56


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item