Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Water pipe tobacco smoking among university students in Jordan

Azab, M and Khabour, OF and Alkaraki, AK and Eissenberg, T and Alzoubi, KH and Primack, BA (2010) Water pipe tobacco smoking among university students in Jordan. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 12 (6). 606 - 612. ISSN 1462-2203

[img] Plain Text (licence)
Available under License : See the attached license file.

Download (1kB)


Introduction: Although water pipe tobacco smoking is common in Lebanon and Syria, prevalence in neighboring Jordan is uncertain. The purposes of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence of water pipe tobacco smoking among university students in Jordan and (b) to determine associations between sociodemographic variables and water pipe tobacco smoking in this population. Methods: A trained interviewer administered a questionnaire among randomly selected students at four prominent universities in Jordan. The questionnaire assessed sociodemographic data, personal history of water pipe tobacco use, and attitudes regarding water pipe tobacco smoking. We used logistic regression to determine independent associations between sociodemographic and attitudinal factors and each of two dependent variables: ever use of water pipe and use at least monthly. Results: Of the 548 participants, 51.8% were male and mean age was 21.7 years. More than half (61.1%) had ever smoked tobacco from a water pipe, and use at least monthly was reported by 42.7%. Multivariable analyses controlling for all relevant factors demonstrated significant associations between ever use and only two sociodemographic factors: (a) gender (for women compared with men, odds ratio [OR] = 0.11, 95% CI = 0.070.17) and (b) income (for those earning 500-999 Jordanian dinar (JD) monthly vs. <250 JD monthly, OR = 2.37, 95% CI = 1.31-4.31). There were also significant associations between perception of harm and addictiveness and each outcome. Discussion: Water pipe tobacco smoking is highly prevalent in Jordan. Although use is associated with male gender and upper middle income levels, use is widespread across other sociodemographic variables. Continued surveillance and educational interventions emphasizing the harm and addictiveness of water pipe tobacco smoking may be valuable in Jordan. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Azab, M
Khabour, OF
Alkaraki, AK
Eissenberg, T
Alzoubi, KH
Primack, BAbprimack@pitt.eduBPRIMACK
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health
Date: 23 April 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume: 12
Number: 6
Page Range: 606 - 612
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1093/ntr/ntq055
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
School of Medicine > Pediatrics
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1462-2203
MeSH Headings: Adult; Female; Humans; Jordan--epidemiology; Male; Smoking--epidemiology; Students--statistics & numerical data; Universities--statistics & numerical data; Young Adult
Other ID: NLM PMC2878728
PubMed Central ID: PMC2878728
PubMed ID: 20418383
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2014 17:45
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:56


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item