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Measurement of social capital among clinical research trainees

Primack, BA and Colditz, JB and Cohen, E and Switzer, GE and Robinson, GFWB and Seltzer, DL and Rubio, DM and Kapoor, WN (2014) Measurement of social capital among clinical research trainees. Clinical and Translational Science, 7 (1). 33 - 37. ISSN 1752-8054

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Abstract

While physical and human capital are established as important predictors of success among early-career clinical investigators, less is known about the role of social capital. The authors aimed to develop a brief scale to assess social capital in this population and test its reliability and validity. A three-item assessment was developed based on a conceptual framework and measures of social capital from other fields and was administered to 414 clinical research trainees at the University of Pittsburgh in 2007-2012. The measure exhibited good internal consistency reliability (α = 0.71) and a normal distribution. On a 10-point scale, mean social capital was 6.4 (SD = 1.7). Social capital was significantly associated with 7 of the 9 expected constructs: sex, age, confidence in research skills, work-related motivation, burnout, and social support. Exploratory multivariable regression analysis demonstrated that social capital was most strongly associated with higher research confidence (β = 0.35, p < 0.001), higher extrinsic motivation (β = 0.50, p = 0.003), and lower burnout (ptrend = 0.02). This three-item scale measures social capital in this population with adequate internal consistency reliability, face validity, and construct validity. This brief assessment provides a tool that may be valuable to benchmark social capital of clinical research trainees and to better contextualize programmatic and trainee outcomes. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Primack, BAbprimack@pitt.eduBPRIMACK
Colditz, JBcolditzjb@pitt.eduJBC28
Cohen, E
Switzer, GEgswitzer@pitt.eduGSWITZER
Robinson, GFWB
Seltzer, DL
Rubio, DMdmr18@pitt.eduDMR18
Kapoor, WNwnk1@pitt.eduWNK1
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health
Date: 1 February 2014
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical and Translational Science
Volume: 7
Number: 1
Page Range: 33 - 37
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/cts.12112
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
School of Medicine > Pediatrics
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1752-8054
Other ID: NLM NIHMS519884 [Available on 02/01/15], NLM PMC3944911 [Available on 02/01/15]
PubMed Central ID: PMC3944911
PubMed ID: 24118964
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2014 20:35
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 13:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22573

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