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How do scientists respond to anomalies? Different strategies used in basic and applied science

Trickett, SB and Trafton, JG and Schunn, CD (2009) How do scientists respond to anomalies? Different strategies used in basic and applied science. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1 (4). 711 - 729. ISSN 1756-8757

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Abstract

We conducted two in vivo studies to explore how scientists respond to anomalies. Based on prior research, we identify three candidate strategies: mental simulation, mental manipulation of an image, and comparison between images. In Study 1, we compared experts in basic and applied domains (physics and meteorology). We found that the basic scientists used mental simulation to resolve an anomaly, whereas applied science practitioners mentally manipulated the image. In Study 2, we compared novice and expert meteorologists. We found that unlike experts, novices used comparison to address anomalies. We discuss the nature of expertise in the two kinds of science, the relationship between the type of science and the task performed, and the relationship of the strategies investigated to scientific creativity. © 2009 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Trickett, SB
Trafton, JG
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 October 2009
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Topics in Cognitive Science
Volume: 1
Number: 4
Page Range: 711 - 729
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01036.x
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1756-8757
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2014 14:50
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22602

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