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Private speech and executive functioning among high-functioning children with autistic spectrum disorders

Winsler, A and Abar, B and Feder, MA and Schunn, CD and Rubio, DA (2007) Private speech and executive functioning among high-functioning children with autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (9). 1617 - 1635. ISSN 0162-3257

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Abstract

Private speech used by high-functioning children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) (n = 33) during two executive functioning tasks was compared to that of typically developing children (n = 28), and children with ADHD (n = 21). Children with ASD were as likely as others to talk to themselves and their speech was similarly relevant and likely to appear in moments of task difficulty. Unlike others, children with ASD were more likely to get items correct when they were talking than when they were silent. Group differences in performance were observed when children were silent but not when children were talking. Findings suggest that autistic children talk to themselves in relevant ways during problem-solving and that such speech is helpful in normalizing their executive performance relative to controls. © 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Winsler, A
Abar, B
Feder, MA
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Rubio, DA
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 October 2007
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume: 37
Number: 9
Page Range: 1617 - 1635
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10803-006-0294-8
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0162-3257
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2014 17:43
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22729

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