Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

The generality/specificity of expertise in scientific reasoning

Schunn, Christian D and Anderson, John R (1999) The generality/specificity of expertise in scientific reasoning. Cognitive Science, 23 (3). 337 - 370. ISSN 0364-0213

[img] Plain Text (licence)
Available under License : See the attached license file.

Download (1kB)


Previous research on scientific reasoning has shown that it involves a diverse set of skills. Yet, little is known about generality or domain specificity of those skills, an important issue in theories of expertise and in attempts to automate scientific reasoning skills. We present a study designed to test what kinds of skills psychologists actually use in designing and interpreting experiments and contrast expertise within a particular research area with general expertise at designing and interpreting experiments. The results suggest that psychologists use many domain-general skills in their experimentation and that bright and motivated Carnegie Mellon undergraduates are missing many of these skills. We believe that these results have important implications for psychological and artificial intelligence models of expertise, as well as educational implications in the domain of science instruction.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schunn, Christian Dschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Anderson, John R
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 6 October 1999
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Cognitive Science
Volume: 23
Number: 3
Page Range: 337 - 370
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/s0364-0213(99)00006-3
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0364-0213
Official URL:
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2014 19:57
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 19:07


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item