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To calculate or not to calculate: A source activation confusion model of problem familiarity's role in strategy selection

Schunn, CD and Reder, LM and Nhouyvanisvong, A and Richards, DR and Stroffolino, PJ (1997) To calculate or not to calculate: A source activation confusion model of problem familiarity's role in strategy selection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 23 (1). 3 - 29. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

How do people decide whether to try to retrieve an answer to a problem or to compute the answer by some other means? The authors report 2 experiments showing that this decision is based on problem familiarity rather than on retrievability of some answer (correct or incorrect), even when problem familiarization occurred 24 hr earlier. These effects at the level of the individual problem solver and the results reported by L. M. Reder and F. E. Ritter (1992) are well fit with the same parameter values in a spreading-activation computational model of feeling of knowing in which decisions to retrieve or compute an answer are based on the familiarity or activation levels of the problem representation. The authors therefore argue that strategy selection is governed by a familiarity-based feeling-of-knowing process rather than by a process that uses the availability of the answer or some form of race between retrieving and computing the answer.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Reder, LM
Nhouyvanisvong, A
Richards, DR
Stroffolino, PJ
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 January 1997
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume: 23
Number: 1
Page Range: 3 - 29
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1037/0278-7393.23.1.3
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0278-7393
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2014 19:56
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22780

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