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The Use of Microsoft Windows on Intel-Based McIntosh Platform

Ka, Hyun and Hong, Sunggye (2009) The Use of Microsoft Windows on Intel-Based McIntosh Platform. In: 24th Annual International Technology & People with Disability Conference, March 2009 - March 2009, Los Angeles, CA.

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The successful use of micro computers is regarded as the fundamental necessity for an occupational and educational placement of people with visual impairments. People with visual impairments have long been actively adopting computers and assistive technology devices as integral parts of their lives. For example, 2002 NTIA survey reported that people with visual impairments use computers more often than people who are sighted in the area of playing games, searching for information on products or services, making online purchases, and gathering information on news, weather, and sports. It further suggested that people with visual impairments use E-Mail as a significant means of communication. From a technological standpoint, number of products, protocols, and guidelines are devised to facilitate the use of computers. As a result, people with visual impairments now have relatively rich options to choose when completing tasks using computers. For example, several screen reading products are available in assisting visually impaired users for accessing information on computer screen. However, it has also been factual that people with visual impairments have limitations in choosing appropriate platforms that these assistive technology software could be operated. Over the years, the personal computer market has been divided by IBM-based open architecture computers and Power-PC based McIntosh computers. On the other hand, it can also be viewed from the point of the operating systems, where Microsoft Windows and Apple’s proprietary operating system. Data made available by Net Applications credits Mac OS X with a share of 7.31% of the operating system market with Windows at 91.79%. Out of this, Windows Vista accounts for 10.48% while Mac OS has 3.28% and Mac Intel 76.91%. The figures released by Net Applications are illustrative of the operating system market at the end of December 2007. Wide selection of assistive technology software and hardware devices for people with visual impairments were developed on Microsoft Window-based platform and as a result, visually impaired computer users were limited to Intel-based computers. Furthermore, assistive technology specialists were limited to Microsoft Window-based computers as well because more software used by their clients were developed on this platform. In 2005, Apple decided to use Intel-based chipsets and processors on their personal computers, making it possible for the Windows operating system run natively on the architecture.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ka, Hyunhyk21@pitt.eduHYK21
Hong, Sunggye
Date: March 2009
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of CSUN conference
Publisher: CSUN
Event Title: 24th Annual International Technology & People with Disability Conference
Event Dates: March 2009 - March 2009
Event Type: Conference
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Sports Medicine and Nutrition
Refereed: No
ISSN: 0027-8424
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2014 17:44
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2017 05:01


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