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The relationship of analogical distance to analogical function and preinventive structure: The case of engineering design

Christensen, BT and Schunn, CD (2007) The relationship of analogical distance to analogical function and preinventive structure: The case of engineering design. Memory and Cognition, 35 (1). 29 - 38. ISSN 0090-502X

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Abstract

Analogy was studied in real-world engineering design, using the in vivo method. Analogizing was found to occur frequently, entailing a roughly equal amount of within- and between-domain analogies. In partial support for theories of unconscious plagiarism (Brown & Murphy, 1989; Marsh, Landau, & Hicks, 1996) and Ward's (1994) path-of-least-resistance model, it was found that the reference to exemplars (in the form of prototypes) significantly reduced the number of between-domain analogies between source and target, as compared with using sketches or no external representational systems. Analogy served three functions in relation to novel design concepts: identifying problems, solving problems, and explaining concepts. Problem identifying analogies were mainly within domain, explanatory analogies were mainly between domain, and problem-solving analogies were a mixture of within- and between-domain analogies. Copyright 2007 Psychonomic Society, Inc.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Christensen, BT
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 January 2007
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Memory and Cognition
Volume: 35
Number: 1
Page Range: 29 - 38
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3758/bf03195939
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0090-502X
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2014 17:50
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22899

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