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Social biases and solutions for procedural objectivity

Lee, CJ and Schunn, CD (2011) Social biases and solutions for procedural objectivity. Hypatia, 26 (2). 352 - 373. ISSN 0887-5367

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An empirically sensitive formulation of the norms of transformative criticism must recognize that even public and shared standards of evaluation can be implemented in ways that unintentionally perpetuate and reproduce forms of social bias that are epistemically detrimental. Helen Longino's theory can explain and redress such social bias by treating peer evaluations as hypotheses based on data and by requiring a kind of perspectival diversity that bears, not on the content of the community's knowledge claims, but on the beliefs and norms of the culture of the knowledge community itself. To illustrate how socializing cognition can bias evaluations, we focus on peer-review practices, with some discussion of peer-review practices in philosophy. Data include responses to surveys by editors from general philosophy journals, as well as analyses of reviews and editorial decisions for the 2007 Cognitive Science Society Conference. © by Hypatia, Inc.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Lee, CJ
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 March 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Hypatia
Volume: 26
Number: 2
Page Range: 352 - 373
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/j.1527-2001.2011.01178.x
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0887-5367
Article Type: Review
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2014 20:28
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56


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