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The neural correlates of strategic reading comprehension: Cognitive control and discourse comprehension

Moss, J and Schunn, CD and Schneider, W and McNamara, DS and VanLehn, K (2011) The neural correlates of strategic reading comprehension: Cognitive control and discourse comprehension. NeuroImage, 58 (2). 675 - 686. ISSN 1053-8119

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Neuroimaging studies of text comprehension conducted thus far have shed little light on the brain mechanisms underlying strategic learning from text. Thus, the present study was designed to answer the question of what brain areas are active during performance of complex reading strategies. Reading comprehension strategies are designed to improve a reader's comprehension of a text. For example, self-explanation is a complex reading strategy that enhances existing comprehension processes. It was hypothesized that reading strategies would involve areas of the brain that are normally involved in reading comprehension along with areas that are involved in strategic control processes because the readers are intentionally using a complex reading strategy. Subjects were asked to reread, paraphrase, and self-explain three different texts in a block design fMRI study. Activation was found in both executive control and comprehension areas, and furthermore, learning from text was associated with activation in the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC). The authors speculate that the aPFC may play a role in coordinating the internal and external modes of thought that are necessary for integrating new knowledge from texts with prior knowledge. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Moss, J
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Schneider, W
McNamara, DS
VanLehn, K
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 15 September 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: NeuroImage
Volume: 58
Number: 2
Page Range: 675 - 686
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.06.034
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1053-8119
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 18:09
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56


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