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Unpacking the temporal advantage of distributing complex visual displays

Jang, J and Bell Trickett, S and Schunn, CD and Gregory Trafton, J (2012) Unpacking the temporal advantage of distributing complex visual displays. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 70 (11). 812 - 827. ISSN 1071-5819

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Abstract

Spatial arrangement of information can have large effects on problem solving. Although such effects have been observed in various domains (e.g.; instruction and interface designs), little is known about the cognitive processing mechanisms underlying these effects, nor its applicability to complex visual problem solving. In three experiments, we showed that the impact of spatial arrangement of information on problem solving time can be surprisingly large for complex real world tasks. It was also found that the effect can be caused by large increases in slow, external information searches (Experiment 1), that the spatial arrangement itself is the critical factor and the effect is domain-general (Experiment 2a), and that the underlying mechanism can involve micro-strategy selection for information encoding in a response to differing information access cost (Experiment 2b). Overall, these studies show a large slowdown effect (i.e.; approximately 30%) that stacking information produces over spatially distributed information, and multiple paths by which this effect can be produced. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jang, J
Bell Trickett, S
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Gregory Trafton, J
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 November 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Human Computer Studies
Volume: 70
Number: 11
Page Range: 812 - 827
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2012.07.003
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1071-5819
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 17:05
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 14:03
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22954

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