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The interplay of conflict and analogy in multidisciplinary teams

Paletz, SBF and Schunn, CD and Kim, KH (2013) The interplay of conflict and analogy in multidisciplinary teams. Cognition, 126 (1). 1 - 19. ISSN 0010-0277

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Abstract

Creative teamwork in multidisciplinary teams is a topic of interest to cognitive psychologists on the one hand, and to both social and organizational psychologists on the other. However, the interconnections between cognitive and social layers have been rarely explored. Drawing on mental models and dissonance theories, the current study takes a central variable studied by cognitive psychologists-analogy-and examines its relationship to a central variable examined by social psychologists-conflict. In an observational, field study, over 11. h of audio-video data from conversations of the Mars Exploration Rover scientists were coded for different types of analogy and micro-conflicts that reveal the character of underlying psychological mechanisms. Two different types of time-lagged logistic models applied to these data revealed asymmetric patterns of associations between analogy and conflict. Within-domain analogies, but not within-discipline or outside-discipline analogies, preceded science and work process conflicts, suggesting that in multidisciplinary teams, representational gaps in very close domains will be more likely to spark conflict. But analogies also occurred in reaction to conflict: Process and negative conflicts, but not task conflicts, preceded within-discipline analogies, but not to within-domain or outside-discipline analogies. This study demonstrates ways in which cognition can be bidirectionally tied to social processes and discourse. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Paletz, SBFpaletz@pitt.eduPALETZ
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Kim, KH
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 January 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Cognition
Volume: 126
Number: 1
Page Range: 1 - 19
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.cognition.2012.07.020
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0010-0277
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 17:04
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22957

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