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Are badges useful in education?: it depends upon the type of badge and expertise of learner

Abramovich, Samuel and Schunn, Christian D. and Higashi, Ross Mitsuo (2013) Are badges useful in education?: it depends upon the type of badge and expertise of learner. Educational Technology Research and Development, 61 (2). pp. 217-232. ISSN 1042-1629

Abstract

Educational Badges are touted as an alternative assessment that can increase learner motivation. We considered two distinct models for educational badges; merit badges and videogame achievements. To begin unpacking the relationship between badges and motivation, we conducted a study using badges within an intelligent-tutor system for teaching applied mathematics to middle-school students. Our findings indicate that badge earning could be driven by learner motivations and that systems with badges could have a positive effect on critical learner motivations. However, badge acquisition patterns were different across learners with different levels of prior knowledge. Different badge types also affected different learners motivation. Additionally, we believe that our findings are compatible with the research finding that extrinsic motivators have a negative influence on learning. The implication for educational badge designers is that they must consider the ability and motivations of learners when choosing what badges to include in their curricula. We believe our findings exist as one piece of the large research base needed to understand educational badges.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Abramovich, Samuelsja24@pitt.eduSJA24
Schunn, Christian D.schunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN
Higashi, Ross Mitsuo
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 April 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Educational Technology Research and Development
Volume: 61
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 217-232
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s11423-013-9289-2
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1042-1629
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11423-013-9289-2
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 16:55
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:23
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22973

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