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A framework for unpacking cognitive benefits of distributed complex visual displays

Jang, J and Schunn, CD (2014) A framework for unpacking cognitive benefits of distributed complex visual displays. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 20 (3). 260 - 269. ISSN 1076-898X

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of spatially stacked (i.e., when information sources are presented side-by-side) versus distributed (i.e., when information sources are sitting on top of one another with only the top source fully visible) organizations of information? We introduce a new theoretical decomposition of these advantages and disadvantages (information internalization, information access, and information externalization costs), along with a new analytic technique for measuring each theoretical aspects using eye tracking. Thirty-eight scientists-in-training solved a complex data interpretation problem using either a distributed or a stacked display. Display format influenced all 3 factors, but in opposing ways: stacked displays increase internalization and externalization costs but decrease information access costs. The framework reveals trade-offs among the 3 factors that can be precisely characterized to guide interface user design and optimization. © 2014 American Psychological Association.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jang, J
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 January 2014
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
Volume: 20
Number: 3
Page Range: 260 - 269
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1037/xap0000022
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1076-898X
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2014 16:35
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:56


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