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Evaluating presidential runoff elections

Pérez-Liñán, A (2006) Evaluating presidential runoff elections. Electoral Studies, 25 (1). 129 - 146. ISSN 0261-3794

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This paper develops two criteria for institutional evaluation-necessity and convenience-and applies them to the analysis of 76 presidential elections in Latin America between 1979 and 2002. Over the last 20 years, a majority of Latin American countries have adopted presidential runoff electoral systems, but the empirical evidence suggests that both the necessity and convenience of this institution can be questioned. The need for runoff elections is dubious when the most voted candidate in the first round has obtained enough votes to become a legitimate winner, and their convenience is questionable when the candidate elected in the runoff election lacked enough political support to rule. The latter problem has been most visible when the front-runner in the first round was defeated in the runoff (i.e., when the electoral system produced an inversion of the initial outcome) in a context of low party system institutionalization. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pérez-Liñán, A
Date: 1 March 2006
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: Electoral Studies
Volume: 25
Number: 1
Page Range: 129 - 146
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.electstud.2005.04.002
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Political Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0261-3794
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 20:45
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:57


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