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Democratization and constitutional crises in presidential regimes: Toward congressional supremacy?

Pérez-Linán, A (2005) Democratization and constitutional crises in presidential regimes: Toward congressional supremacy? Comparative Political Studies, 38 (1). 51 - 74. ISSN 0010-4140

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Abstract

This article explores the impact of democratization on the resolution of executive-legislative crises in Latin American presidential regimes. The author studies 27 episodes in which the executive branch closed the legislature or the legislature removed the chief executive from office between 1950 and 2000. It is hypothesized that the democratization of Latin American presidential systems has hindered the ability of presidents to challenge the legislature and encouraged the emergence of congressional supremacy (i.e., the capacity of congress to impeach the president if a serious conflict emerges). Three causal mechanisms account for this outcome: (a) a lower likelihood of military intervention, (b) the elimination of constitutional tools used by authoritarian presidents to dissolve congress, and (c) greater stability in the constitutional environment. After discussing the limitations of conventional maximum likelihood tests, the author assesses this hypothesis using a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative model.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pérez-Linán, A
Date: 1 February 2005
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: Comparative Political Studies
Volume: 38
Number: 1
Page Range: 51 - 74
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1177/0010414004270888
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Political Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0010-4140
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 20:44
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 15:57
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/23108

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